Location: PHPKode > scripts > EPub > Grandt-PHPePub-877312c/lib.uuid.php
<?php
/*
 DrUUID RFC4122 library for PHP5
by J. King (http://jkingweb.ca/)
Licensed under MIT license

See http://jkingweb.ca/code/php/lib.uuid/
for documentation

Last revised 2010-02-15
*/

/*
 Copyright (c) 2009 J. King

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person
obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation
files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without
restriction, including without limitation the rights to use,
copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the
Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following
conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be
included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND,
EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES
OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND
NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT
HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY,
WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING
FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR
OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.
*/


class UUID {
	const MD5  = 3;
	const SHA1 = 5;
	const clearVer = 15;  // 00001111  Clears all bits of version byte with AND
	const clearVar = 63;  // 00111111  Clears all relevant bits of variant byte with AND
	const varRes   = 224; // 11100000  Variant reserved for future use
	const varMS    = 192; // 11000000  Microsft GUID variant
	const varRFC   = 128; // 10000000  The RFC 4122 variant (this variant)
	const varNCS   = 0;   // 00000000  The NCS compatibility variant
	const version1 = 16;  // 00010000
	const version3 = 48;  // 00110000
	const version4 = 64;  // 01000000
	const version5 = 80;  // 01010000
	const interval = 0x01b21dd213814000; // Time (in 100ns steps) between the start of the UTC and Unix epochs
	const nsDNS  = '6ba7b810-9dad-11d1-80b4-00c04fd430c8';
	const nsURL  = '6ba7b811-9dad-11d1-80b4-00c04fd430c8';
	const nsOID  = '6ba7b812-9dad-11d1-80b4-00c04fd430c8';
	const nsX500 = '6ba7b814-9dad-11d1-80b4-00c04fd430c8';
	protected static $randomFunc = 'randomTwister';
	protected static $randomSource = NULL;
	//instance properties
	protected $bytes;
	protected $hex;
	protected $string;
	protected $urn;
	protected $version;
	protected $variant;
	protected $node;
	protected $time;

	public static function mint($ver = 1, $node = NULL, $ns = NULL) {
		/* Create a new UUID based on provided data. */
		switch((int) $ver) {
			case 1:
				return new self(self::mintTime($node));
			case 2:
				// Version 2 is not supported
				throw new UUIDException("Version 2 is unsupported.");
			case 3:
				return new self(self::mintName(self::MD5, $node, $ns));
			case 4:
				return new self(self::mintRand());
			case 5:
				return new self(self::mintName(self::SHA1, $node, $ns));
			default:
				throw new UUIDException("Selected version is invalid or unsupported.");
		}
	}

	public static function import($uuid) {
		/* Import an existing UUID. */
		return new self(self::makeBin($uuid, 16));
	}

	public static function compare($a, $b) {
		/* Compares the binary representations of two UUIDs.
		 The comparison will return true if they are bit-exact,
		or if neither is valid. */
		if (self::makeBin($a, 16)==self::makeBin($b, 16)) {
			return TRUE;
		} else {
			return FALSE;
		}
	}

	public function __toString() {
		return $this->string;
	}

	public function __get($var) {
		switch($var) {
			case "bytes":
				return $this->bytes;
			case "hex":
				return bin2hex($this->bytes);
			case "string":
				return $this->__toString();
			case "urn":
				return "urn:uuid:".$this->__toString();
			case "version":
				return ord($this->bytes[6]) >> 4;
			case "variant":
				$byte = ord($this->bytes[8]);
				if ($byte >= self::varRes) {
					return 3;
				}
				if ($byte >= self::varMS) {
					return 2;
				}
				if ($byte >= self::varRFC) {
					return 1;
				}
				return 0;
			case "node":
				if (ord($this->bytes[6])>>4==1) {
					return bin2hex(substr($this->bytes,10));
				} else {
					return NULL;
				}
			case "time":
				if (ord($this->bytes[6])>>4==1) {
					// Restore contiguous big-endian byte order
					$time = bin2hex($this->bytes[6].$this->bytes[7].$this->bytes[4].$this->bytes[5].$this->bytes[0].$this->bytes[1].$this->bytes[2].$this->bytes[3]);
					// Clear version flag
					$time[0] = "0";
					// Do some reverse arithmetic to get a Unix timestamp
					$time = (hexdec($time) - self::interval) / 10000000;
					return $time;
				} else {
					return NULL;
				}
			default:
				return NULL;
		}
	}

	protected function __construct($uuid) {
		if (strlen($uuid) != 16) {
			throw new UUIDException("Input must be a 128-bit integer.");
		}
		$this->bytes  = $uuid;
		// Optimize the most common use
		$this->string =
		bin2hex(substr($uuid,0,4))."-".
		bin2hex(substr($uuid,4,2))."-".
		bin2hex(substr($uuid,6,2))."-".
		bin2hex(substr($uuid,8,2))."-".
		bin2hex(substr($uuid,10,6));
	}

	protected static function mintTime($node = NULL) {
		/* Generates a Version 1 UUID.
		 These are derived from the time at which they were generated. */
		// Get time since Gregorian calendar reform in 100ns intervals
		// This is exceedingly difficult because of PHP's (and pack()'s)
		//  integer size limits.
		// Note that this will never be more accurate than to the microsecond.
		$time = microtime(1) * 10000000 + self::interval;
		// Convert to a string representation
		$time = sprintf("%F", $time);
		preg_match("/^\d+/", $time, $time); //strip decimal point
		// And now to a 64-bit binary representation
		$time = base_convert($time[0], 10, 16);
		$time = pack("H*", str_pad($time, 16, "0", STR_PAD_LEFT));
		// Reorder bytes to their proper locations in the UUID
		$uuid  = $time[4].$time[5].$time[6].$time[7].$time[2].$time[3].$time[0].$time[1];
		// Generate a random clock sequence
		$uuid .= self::randomBytes(2);
		// set variant
		$uuid[8] = chr(ord($uuid[8]) & self::clearVar | self::varRFC);
		// set version
		$uuid[6] = chr(ord($uuid[6]) & self::clearVer | self::version1);
		// Set the final 'node' parameter, a MAC address
		if ($node) {
			$node = self::makeBin($node, 6);
		}
		if (!$node) {
			// If no node was provided or if the node was invalid,
			//  generate a random MAC address and set the multicast bit
			$node = self::randomBytes(6);
			$node[0] = pack("C", ord($node[0]) | 1);
		}
		$uuid .= $node;
		return $uuid;
	}

	protected static function mintRand() {
		/* Generate a Version 4 UUID.
		 These are derived soly from random numbers. */
		// generate random fields
		$uuid = self::randomBytes(16);
		// set variant
		$uuid[8] = chr(ord($uuid[8]) & self::clearVar | self::varRFC);
		// set version
		$uuid[6] = chr(ord($uuid[6]) & self::clearVer | self::version4);
		return $uuid;
	}

	protected static function mintName($ver, $node, $ns) {
		/* Generates a Version 3 or Version 5 UUID.
		 These are derived from a hash of a name and its namespace, in binary form. */
		if (!$node) {
			throw new UUIDException("A name-string is required for Version 3 or 5 UUIDs.");
		}
		// if the namespace UUID isn't binary, make it so
		$ns = self::makeBin($ns, 16);
		if (!$ns) {
			throw new UUIDException("A binary namespace is required for Version 3 or 5 UUIDs.");
		}
		$uuid = null;
		$version =  self::version3;
		switch($ver) {
			case self::MD5:
				$version = self::version3;
				$uuid = md5($ns.$node,1);
				break;
			case self::SHA1:
				$version = self::version5;
				$uuid = substr(sha1($ns.$node,1),0, 16);
				break;
		}
		// set variant
		$uuid[8] = chr(ord($uuid[8]) & self::clearVar | self::varRFC);
		// set version
		$uuid[6] = chr(ord($uuid[6]) & self::clearVer | $version);
		return ($uuid);
	}

	protected static function makeBin($str, $len) {
		/* Insure that an input string is either binary or hexadecimal.
		 Returns binary representation, or false on failure. */
		if ($str instanceof self) {
			return $str->bytes;
		}
		if (strlen($str)==$len) {
			return $str;
		} else {
			$str = preg_replace("/^urn:uuid:/is", "", $str); // strip URN scheme and namespace
		}
		$str = preg_replace("/[^a-f0-9]/is", "", $str);  // strip non-hex characters
		if (strlen($str) != ($len * 2)) {
			return FALSE;
		} else {
			return pack("H*", $str);
		}
	}

	public static function initRandom() {
		/* Look for a system-provided source of randomness, which is usually crytographically secure.
		 /dev/urandom is tried first simply out of bias for Linux systems. */
		if (is_readable('/dev/urandom')) {
			self::$randomSource = fopen('/dev/urandom', 'rb');
			self::$randomFunc = 'randomFRead';
		}
		else if (class_exists('COM', 0)) {
			try {
				self::$randomSource = new COM('CAPICOM.Utilities.1');  // See http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa388182(VS.85).aspx
				self::$randomFunc = 'randomCOM';
			}
			catch(Exception $e) {
			}
		}
		return self::$randomFunc;
	}

	public static function randomBytes($bytes) {
		return call_user_func(array('self', self::$randomFunc), $bytes);
	}

	protected static function randomTwister($bytes) {
		/* Get the specified number of random bytes, using mt_rand().
		 Randomness is returned as a string of bytes. */
		$rand = "";
		for ($a = 0; $a < $bytes; $a++) {
			$rand .= chr(mt_rand(0, 255));
		}
		return $rand;
	}

	protected static function randomFRead($bytes) {
		/* Get the specified number of random bytes using a file handle
		 previously opened with UUID::initRandom().
		Randomness is returned as a string of bytes. */
		return fread(self::$randomSource, $bytes);
	}

	protected static function randomCOM($bytes) {
		/* Get the specified number of random bytes using Windows'
		 randomness source via a COM object previously created by UUID::initRandom().
		Randomness is returned as a string of bytes. */
		return base64_decode(self::$randomSource->GetRandom($bytes,0)); // straight binary mysteriously doesn't work, hence the base64
	}
}

class UUIDException extends Exception {
}
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